5 Things To Do When You Find A Stray Dog

Stay calm and use this checklist to properly deal with a stray pet.

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I don’t know a single dog owner who hasn’t, at some point (or quite frequently), spent an inordinate amount of time trying to capture a stray or lost dog. I know I’ve caught more than my share in the small town, or its rural surroundings, where I’ve lived for the past five years. I’ve caught burr-covered, obviously lost hunting dogs; dogs whose injuries suggested they’d tumbled from the back of a truck; as well as some fluffy little lap-escapees who looked like they were just out for an adventure.

If the dog is wearing a collar and tags with current contact information for his owner, you’re in luck – and the rest of the information in this article isn’t relevant. But out of maybe 20 dogs I’ve scooped up in the past five years, exactly one was wearing a collar and current ID tag. It certainly seems like the people who keep collars and tags on their dogs at all times are also the ones who manage to keep them safely contained – but accidents can happen to any owner. Here’s what you should do with an unidentified dog.

1. Take him to your local shelter

Don’t panic; you don’t have to leave him there if you are concerned that your local shelter is unsafe, unclean, or poorly managed. But there are a few things you should do at the shelter (see # 2 and # 3).

If the dog has an owner who is actually trying to find the dog, the owner will most likely come to the shelter to look for the dog. Few people, except the most dedicated owners, think to read the ads in the classified section or on craigslist.

2. Ask the shelter staff to scan the dog

The dog may have an implanted microchip ID. If he does, the staff should be able to help you track down contact information for the dog’s owner.

This seems like a no-brainer, but it only recently occurred to me that my 14- or 15-year-old cat, who was a stray found by a friend and then given to me 12 long  years ago, was never scanned. I actually took her to my local shelter and had her scanned just the other day; I hate to think I could have returned someone’s beloved lost cat years and years ago. I don’t know why it never occurred to me to check before. (She had no chip, thank goodness.)

3. File a “found dog” report at the shelter

If he does not have a microchip, and you don’t want to leave him at the shelter, you should at least file a “found dog” report at the shelter. This protects you in case you end up deciding to keep the dog (or you give the dog to a friend); it shows that you made a reasonable effort to find the dog’s owner. If an owner shows up some time later and wants his dog back, you’ll need to be able to prove that this attempt was made in order to protect your rights to the dog.

Some shelters take a photo of the dog for their “found dog” reports and file these online; others simply keep a binder full of the reports, sans photos, on a counter at the shelter. Few people are aware that shelters keep these reports; most people just check the shelter kennels and/or website. It’s uncommon, but reunions have been facilitated through these reports.

4. Take a photo of the dog and make a “found dog” flier

Post it in as many places as you can in the area where you found the dog. Most dog owners look at posters for lost or found pets, and many of us are more familiar with our neighbors’ pets than their owners! This way, you are recruiting a small army of people who might be able to help reunite the dog and his owner.

5. Be cautious if you take the dog home

If you bring the dog home, take immediate steps to protect your pets.  Check to see if the dog is infested with fleas; if he is, you’ll want to use some sort of potent flea control product immediately, before the fleas can populate your car or home. If your dogs are not fully vaccinated, or are immune-suppressed, you may want to keep the stray dog as far from your dog as possible for at least a few days, so you can make sure he’s not sick with anything transmissible. Wash your hands well after handling the stray, and clean up his waste immediately.

You also need to protect all of your family members from being attacked by the stray, until you’re certain that no attack is forthcoming. When your own dog is great with kids, cats, and your parakeet, it’s easy to forget that other dogs may be highly predatory.

Don’t take anything for granted; be careful at feeding time, and the first time he finds a nice chew bone or toy that he likes, because he may have resource-guarding issues. Keep the dog on-leash, or control his access to certain parts of the house with baby gates until you have a chance to see what he’s like.

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Nancy Kerns has edited horse and dog magazines since graduating the San Francisco State University Journalism program in 1990. The founding editor of Whole Dog Journal in 1998, Nancy regularly attends cutting-edge dog-training conferences including those for the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants, Pet Professional Guild, Association of Professional Dog Trainers, and Clicker Expo. To stay on top of industry developments, she also attends pet industry trade shows such as Global Pet and SuperZoo, educational conferences of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association and Pet Food Industry’s Pet Food Forum. As a regular volunteer for her local animal shelter, the Northwest SPCA in Oroville, CA, she fosters large litters of puppies and helps train wayward adolescent dogs in order to increase their chances of adoption. Nancy shares her life with her husband and two canine alumni of the NWSPCA, mixed-breed Otto (whose adorably fuzzy visage was incorporated into WDJ’s masthead some years ago) and Pit/Lab-mix Woody. 

7 COMMENTS

  1. Recently found a dog Took it to vet to be scanned but no chip The vets then wouldn’t give me dog back said by law they had to send it to dog pound! Is the correct please?

    • Jean,

      It is very likely the law, however, probably best to check the laws in your state, county, city.

      If you think about it, it might be a quicker and lawful, reunion for the dog, if it goes to a shelter. One of the first places dog owners are told to report a lost pet, and to check for their pet, is the local legal authority (animal control, pound, shelter, etc.). They also have the legal authority to go through the due process of returning the animal to the rightful owner. I would rather pay a fine or whatever, and get my dog quickly, rather than prove to a good samaritan that I am actually the owner, and them possibly threaten to keep my dog after deciding that since the dog was loose (for whatever reason) that I am an unfit owner. Happens all the time. Pets get rehomed by well intended folks, albeit, illegally. Rehoming in this situation also incurs liability for the finder, if anything goes wrong down the road (like a bite).

  2. I live in Bermuda so things are different here…we have one shelter. I would NEVER take it to the shelter but I have and will continue to take it to my vets to be scanned. They will also keep it until the owner can be located.
    I hope those people who keep collars on their dogs when they are unsupervised are using ‘breakaway’ collars. It is unsafe to leave a collar on an animal when it is unsupervised unless it is a breakaway.

  3. I’m not advocating for any particular on line sites but I don’t use Facebook so have found the site Nextdoor to be helpful for any number of reasons, lost pets being just one. It seems whenever someone posts a lost dog they are quickly reunited with the owners since the Nextdoor website is local to your individual location.

  4. Our dog business – day care, grooming, training and supplies – is located on the frontage road of an interstate highway and just in front of a large trailer park. We have ourselves captured, or had brought to us by customers who had captured, dozens of stray dogs, puppies, cats and kittens over the years, and it is always puzzling to me that people put collars or harnesses on their pets without ID. Even more mind boggling is when we get the same stray dog several times, and people have not learned from the experience. STILL no ID. Because we are located right on the city/county line, we always call both entities non-emergency numbers for police or sheriff and make a report. Often they have a lost report matching up, so we can contact the owner and spare the animal a trip to the shelter. We also keep a scanner and scan each stray. Oddly, we have only once been able to reunite a pet and owner this way because the scanned data is no longer current. People often forget to update phone numbers when they move or change. I did get my cat back due to his chip, so I know how important they can be. He was Mr Curiosity and stowed away in a carpet cleaner’s van in my neighbor’s driveway, and the next service call was 9 miles away and across the freeway and a major river. The finder put ads in the paper, which I saw but ruled out because I didn’t see how he could have gotten there. When she took him in to the shelter, scanned him and called me, I was thrilled – but mortified that I hadn’t checked out the unlikely location where he was found when I read the ad. So my advice is, make reports everywhere, including police departments, if you’ve either lost or found a pet!

  5. Perhaps advise people that some dogs have tattoo’s to identify them. My dog has a Tattoo inside the right ear and i have seen the same inside a dog’s lips.

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