Features December 2009 Issue

Training Your Dog Not to Jump Up

Five things to do when your dog jumps on people.

There’s a common misconception that dogs jump on people to establish dominance. Balderdash! Dogs jump on people because there’s something about jumping that is reinforcing for the dog - usually the human attention that results from the jumping. If you want your dog to stop jumping on people, you have to be sure he doesn’t get reinforced for it. Here are five things to do when your dog jumps on people:

1. Interrupt. Minimize the reinforcement your dog gets from jumping on someone by cheerfully removing him from the situation as soon as possible. To that end, you may want to leave a “tab” attached to your dog’s collar when he’s around people - a short (4 to 6 inch) leash that makes it easy for you to lead him away. These are available from Premier Pet Products (premier.com; 800-933-5595); or just cut off an old leash. Don’t leave the tab on your dog when he’s alone; he could get it caught on something.

Be aware of your surroundings, and proactively prevent your dog from reaching anyone he can jump up on.

2. Manage. When you know your dog is likely to have trouble controlling himself, put his leash on before he can jump on someone. When you see the jumping-up gleam in his eye, restrain him to prevent the reinforcement he gets from the initial contact. Other useful management tools to prevent reinforcement include strategically located tethers, baby gates, doors, exercise pens, and crates.

3. Educate. Tell friends, family and even temporary acquaintances what you want them to do if your dog starts to jump up. Insist they not reinforce jumping up behavior - even those friends who claim they don’t mind! Educational options include telling them to:

• Greet your dog before he jumps, perhaps even kneeling to greet a small dog.

• Turn and step away from your dog until he sits, or at least has four feet on the floor, then turn back to greet the dog.

• Ask your dog to sit and reinforce by petting him if/when he does.

• Back away from your dog (if you have your dog on leash) and wait for him to sit before greeting or petting him. If he jumps up while you are petting him, simply stop the petting and take a step backward. Resume petting only if he sits.

• Toss a toy conveniently provided by you to redirect the dog’s behavior before the jump happens.

• Walk away from your dog through a gate or door and close it behind them to keep the dog on the other side.

4. Train. Of course you need to practice polite greetings in the absence of the exciting stimulus of guests and strangers by reinforcing your dog’s appropriate greeting with you and other family members. (See “Keeping Four on the Floor,” Whole Dog Journal May 2008). Be sure to take advantage of the presence of guests and strangers to reinforce your dog’s polite greeting behaviors while you’re managing with leashes and tethers.

5. Apologize/take responsibility. It’s your job to prevent your dog from jumping on people, even when they say they don’t mind. If your management efforts fail and your dog does jump up, apologize.

If in the process of jumping up he puts muddy pawprints on a business suit, snags a pair of nylons, knocks down a small child, or otherwise does some kind of property damage - even if the damage is minor - be responsible and make amends: pay for the cleaning bill, purchase a new pair of nylons, buy the child an ice cream cone, or do whatever you need to do to repair the damage. Then redouble your training and management efforts.

Pat Miller, CPDT, is Whole Dog Journal’s Training Editor. Miller lives with her husband in Fairplay, Maryland, site of her Peaceable Paws training center. Pat is also author of many books on positive training. See page 24 for contact or book purchasing information.

Comments (7)

If you're going to take the "positive training" approach get ready to do it consistently and have a lot of patience or it won't work!
This training method for not jumping up will work for all dogs but it works well with a smart dog that's able to focus. If you have a dog like mine, my Dobie, you'll need to get him to focus on you first and if like my situation a treat isn't going to work! Actually when you step back from a jumping dog, that only makes him want to jump more! It's an invitation for the dog to move forward. This is what worked for our high energy, spastic and unable to focus fawn Doberman, now almost 2 years of kd and was very hard to train using positive training. We finally found what worked... Try stepping into the dog as he jump, blocking his advances while giving him a quick jerk up on this leash. That leash has to be strategically placed at the base of his head and upper neck to get the right response, and that's for him to focus on You and your command which would be "leave it", "off" or even sit or heel. Of couse the dog would have to already know these commands to make them useful when trying to show him. To train how to greet correctly you'll need a command for that and a reward for not jumping. As we approach someone I know will want to greet one of my dogs I say "friend" you can use any word but to my dogs this means that we will be stopping and greeting a person or dog(s) on our walk. When I don't want to greet a person or perhaps unknown or known unfriendly dog I say "leave it"! That means to totally ignore the person or dog no matter how crazy the other dog is acting. Sometimes I can have all three dogs with me. A Yorkie 5yr/f, a Doberman almost 2yr/m, and our Min Pin, 16.5yr/m, old, partially blind, and slow! Believe it or not, I can easily maintain control of each of them on retractables!

Posted by: jkj92200 | March 29, 2015 11:18 AM    Report this comment

I have a Boston Terrier 2 years old named Tobby, this dog gave me many problems. It ate my shoes, urinated in the room, the furniture stank. A teach my dog to behave with some training videos I found online. Pay 1 dollar for a trial period of 3 days. And 37 monthly payment, but worth every penny. My dog ​​is very well behaved, and does not make those deviltries and I have taught him many tricks. This is the location where I found the training: www.theonlinedogtrainers.com

Posted by: misard | June 17, 2014 7:12 AM    Report this comment

I consider jumping up to often be a "Whole Dog" issue. If we reduce stress and teach relaxation and impulse control, jumping will decrease.
We also need to teach default behaviors and reward four on the floor often.

See more by googling "stubbypuddin jumping up"

Posted by: La Trenda - Puddins Training Tips | February 13, 2014 6:59 PM    Report this comment

Our Wheaten know for jumping has never jumped on vet daughter-inlaw, but has his favorites: adult granddaughter, both sons, dog trainer (embarrasses her) and me, the Mom. We continue to try all of the above. Jarmy is only a young five.

Posted by: Chris D | February 13, 2014 12:12 PM    Report this comment

i have tried all the steps provided by you for training my dog not to jump on people. nothing is working. sorry.

Posted by: DiamondGirl | May 4, 2013 8:33 AM    Report this comment

I have two Boxers that jump on people i'll try your method and see what happens.

Posted by: Unknown | March 16, 2013 11:29 AM    Report this comment

Thanks for the free tip on training my dog not to jump on people. It is working with our female Rat Terrier and it should work with your dog also if you put the time and effort into it.

Posted by: Unknown | November 10, 2012 9:32 PM    Report this comment

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