Whole Dog Journal Tips March 9, 2015

(Vaccinations #2) What are Core Vaccines?

Core vaccines include:

  • Canine distemper virus (CDV, commonly referred to as distemper)
  • Canine parvovirus (CPV, parvo)
  • Canine adenovirus (CAV, better known as canine hepatitis)
  • Rabies

Among healthy dogs, the first three “core” vaccines are expected to induce a protective immune response lasting at least five years. However, much longer protection from these vaccines has been demonstrated in dogs in many studies – some- times, even as long as the dogs’ lifetime.

Rabies is a slightly different case. Because the disease poses a significant risk to human beings, it’s the only vaccine that is required by law to be administered to dogs. Each state has its own legal requirements for rabies vaccination. Some require annual rabies vaccinations; the rest require the vaccination be given every two or three years (depending on the state). There is ample evidence that rabies vaccines confer protection from rabies for longer than three years, but given the public health risk to humans, there is considerable push-back from public health officials to the idea of ex- tending the legal requirement for rabies vaccines.

To read more about vaccinations, purchase the Whole Dog Journal ebook, Vaccinations.